What to Wear

(Last updated December, 2017)

We kayak year-round here in Florida. About the only thing that forces us off the water is lightning and torrential, all-day rains. Some people have asked how we can kayak in the cold (and a few ask about the heat) but our response is here in Florida if you wait until there is absolutely no chance of rain or high temps or low temps, you are probably not going to go out very often.  Being surrounded by water on three sides means loads of kayaking opportunities, but it also means the weather is unpredictable. But you just have to keep an eye on the forecast, understand the basic weather patterns, and know how to dress for the conditions you are likely to encounter.

The key to staying comfortable in any weather is: 1) always have rain gear available and 2) layer your clothing.

Rain gear is an essential year round in Florida.  During the summer months you may be able to get away with just getting wet, but even with warm temps if a wind comes up you could place yourself at risk of hypothermia, even during the summer.  You should always have rain gear with you, even if stashed away inside a hatch “just in case”.  If you use a sit-inside and have a spray skirt all you need is a jacket or heavy weight poncho.  (The thin “emergency” ponchos are too lightweight.  They rip easily and any wind whips them around too much.) For an SOT kayak you will want to protect your legs as well. A pair of inexpensive nylon rain pants with a jacket that fits down over the waist will work for all but the coldest temps here in Florida.  A wide brimmed hat will keep rain from dripping down your neck.

Since your arms are constantly being raised, the best rain gear for kayaking will have nylon, neoprene, or latex gaskets at the arm, necks, waist and leg openings.  For 3-season use an inexpensive rain suit will work or re-purpose your hiking/biking/golfing rain gear. For winter kayaking, when getting soaked can be dangerous, a good paddling jacket and pants are almost a necessity.  For the few really cold times you might even consider rain pants with built in socks. These will keep your feet dry as well, although the socks tend to wear out faster than the rest of the pants.  Since you want to be able to layer clothing under your rain gear as well as need to be able to stretch to paddle, be sure to buy your rain jacket/pants at least one size larger than you normally wear.

We always carry at least a rain jacket with us and I can attest to putting mine on even in the summer time when I’ve been wet from rain or swimming and the wind picked up.

One warning:  in warmer weather “water resistant” is good enough. But in cold weather (air and/or water temps of around 60 and below) you need to make sure that your rain gear is truly “waterproof”.    In kayaking parlance a “splash” jacket or “semi-dry” jacket is highly water-repellent, a “dry” jacket is waterproof and includes a Velcro closure at the waist to connect dry pants to a dry top for a waterproof closure that is good for anything other than long-term submergence in water.

Cagoule - rain jacket with built in cockpit cover and hood

Cagoule – rain jacket with built in cockpit cover and hood

Splash jacket -water resistant with neoprene cuffs and neck

Splash jacket – highly water resistant with neoprene cuffs and neck, cinch at waist.

Dry pants - waterproof, with and without socks

Dry pants – waterproof, with and without socks, adjustable velcro at waist.

Dry top - waterproof top with nylon or neoprene cuffs and neck.

Dry top – waterproof top with nylon or neoprene cuffs and neck. Connects to dry pants for complete seal. 

Except during the heat of summer, start with a base layer of synthetic clothing.   Synthetic underwear, pants and shirts will dry quickly if they get wet, either from splashes or taking a dip in a spring.  Sun-protective shirts and pants will cut down on the amount of messy sun screen you have to smear over your body.  Also, stretchy fabrics allow you to paddle and move around freely within your kayak.

Loading up for a warm weather overnight.

Loading up for a warm weather overnight.

Base layers
During the warm months this may be as simple as a fast-dry shirt and pants, or even just a long-sleeved sun-protective shirt thrown over your swim suit.  Rashguards are popular, altho we find them a little heavy-weight for really high temps. If you have a sit-inside, depending on the size of your cockpit opening, your legs may need no protection from sun or water and shorts may work. With the larger cockpits that most of us favor we like capri pants that extend below the knee, long board shorts or light-weight exercise tights. 

Sand socks - light nylon with thin non-skid sole

Sand socks – light nylon with thin non-skid sole

As the temps decrease full length pants, thicker tights or a pair of 1.5 mm neoprene pants provide extra warmth as well as protection.  On top, a nylon or poly-pro long-sleeved shirt works great. It helps if you can push up and pull down the sleeves to meet weather changes as well as open and close at the neck for ventilation.  And, especially in an SOT, don’t forget your feet. There are not too many things more uncomfortable than sunburned feet. “Sand socks”, “grip socks” or “beach socks” (thin nylon socks with a thin sole) work great with sandals, water shoes or old “tennis” shoes.


Cool weather clothing

Add some fleece for the cooler weather

Mid Layers
Again, stick with synthetic fabrics that will not absorb water.  Fleece is great for this since it comes in various weights.  Adding a light
fleece vest, shirt or sweater can extend your paddling well into the shoulder seasons (sometimes all winter in Florida) and can feel really good to pull on when you stop for a lunch break.  
During our 2 months of winter we may add thicker fleece, especially for
break times, but it should not be too restrictive – you need to make sure you can still paddle comfortably in all those layers!


Cold weather clothing

Loading up on a cold winter day

Outer layers
You can probably double-purpose your rain gear as your outer layer.   An extra fleece jacket to throw on for lunch breaks might be in order for cold weather but you may not need it when actually paddling.  Loose fleece pants can be pulled on over tights or shorts.




Feet and Hands
Your feet and hands can be hard to keep warm and dry.  Your feet because they frequently get wet when launching and stopping for breaks – we find it almost impossible to get in and out without getting our feet wet at least up to the ankles – and they are pretty stationary while in the kayak. And your hands because they are in constant motion paddling and exposed to water all day.

Most of us wear thin “bicycle” style, fingerless gloves all year.  They protect our hands from friction, UV rays, mosquitoes and provide a bit of warmth in cold water.  As the temps drop into winter we trade them out for full-fingered gloves which provide more warmth.  Make sure the gloves are not too tight, too thick, or too slippery as that can hinder your paddling.  Also, when trying on the gloves, make sure the area between your thumb and forefinger – where the paddle rests – is smooth on the inside, with no seam or bunched fabric that can cause a blister. A nice pair of fleece gloves for rest breaks or camping can be helpful.

Fingerless gloves

Fingerless gloves

Full gloves with fingers for cold weather kayaking.

Full gloves with fingers for cold weather kayaking.


When considering shoes for cold weather kayaking be sure to keep in mind that they have to fit inside your kayak and rest comfortably on the foot pegs without twisting your legs into funny positions.  For cold weather kayaking we have tried a number of options for our feet.  All have their advantages and disadvantages and we haven’t found the perfect solution yet.  Here are some of the options we have tried.


LavaCore socks

LavaCore socks

Wool and fleece socks under sandals or inside water shoes/old “tennis” shoes.  Wool and fleece retain some warmth when wet, but still get rather clammy and cold after a while sitting in the kayak.  Similar are neoprene diving socks. There is one type of neoprene sock, trade name LavaCore, that has a peached interior and feel quite warm.





Waterproof socks

Waterproof socks

Waterproof socks with sandals or water shoes. These work great for a while if you don’t step into water over the top of the socks.  Over time the friction of the sandal or water shoe on the sock will cause it to lose its water-proofing, so they need to be replaced probably every year, depending on how frequently you paddle.






Neoprene boots can be found in both ankle- and calf-high versions.  Like waterproof socks in cold weather they only stay dry in water that does not go over the tops of the boots.  And like wool socks, they do allow some water to enter, but they still keep your feet warm, if not totally dry. On the low boots (booties), the style that have a side zipper and a strap across the instep are a lot easier to get on and off wet feet.  Another advantage is that most of them, unlike the thin “water shoes” available in big-box stores, have a decent non-skid sole so you can wear them as shoes out of the boat.  This is especially nice if you have some portaging, a long walk to the put in, enjoy exploring springs along the way and for kayak camping.  Again, remember when buying boots, to make sure there is enough room for your feet in your kayak.

High boots

Neoprene boots

Neoprene bootie

Neoprene bootie




Overshoes are something we will be tried out during the winter  of 2015-2016.  They come in various heights – and the ones we liked are the calf-high version.  They are basically water-proof nylon bags you pull on over socks or your regular footwear with a cinch strap at the ankle and at the top.  They also have a non-skid sole. As long as we don’t get into water over the top of the overshoe they keep our feet totally dry. And by wearing heavy socks inside the overshoes our feet stay warm as well.  Our overshoes worked great on a couple of 34-degree mornings.  We were able to launch in water up to our calves and keep our feet warm and dry and they are quite comfortable, if a bit clunky (think of heavy hiking boots).  The only down side is that they are large and make your feet much bigger, so you need to make sure they fit inside the cockpit.  They definitely do their job.  Some of us are sold on them and some will go back to neoprene boots.  But for really cold water the overshoes worked very well.  One of us solved the “clunky” problem by removing them while in the boat and just paddling in her socks.


In addition to outfitting your body for cold air and water, you can do a few things with your boat.  First off, with a sit-inside you should add a spray skirt.  Even a thin nylon spray skirt will seal in body heat to help keep your legs warm and will keep out splashes so you stay drier.

Heel pads, CCF

Commercial heel pads (or make your own from a rectangle of CCF)

Another thing that can help is to add some insulation to your boat.  During the winter of 2014-2015 we experimented with heel pads. You can buy these commercially or make them yourself from some mini-cell foam padding.  You simply place them under the foot pedals where your heels usually sit all day, fairly motionless. This helps quite a bit in keeping your feet warm, although they do wear out pretty quickly since your heels are constantly moving back and forth a little bit with each stroke.




Closed-cell foam, CCF

Closed-cell foam (CCF) sleeping pad – 1/4 inch thick

During the winter of 2015-2016 we cut up some closed-cell foam (CCF) pads (cheap sleeping pads from big-box stores) to fit in the bottom of the kayak.  This provided a lot of insulation from the cold water and also helped fill up the cockpit so the trapped body heat has less volume to warm up.  When making these “liners” make sure you don’t get too cramped inside the cockpit and that the foam will not interfere with an emergency exit.

We can report that the CCF hull liners did a great job of keeping our legs and feet warm in the cold temps.  In the case of the Eddyline Skylark model kayak we simply shoved the CCF pad into the bottom of the hull up to the forward bulkhead and marked where it hit the seat. After cutting it off at that length no more modifications were made, the width fit perfectly just under the rails for the foot pegs.  YMMV, of course, and you may have to make a few more cuts to fit your hull.  On the water, in the cold and wind, we could definitely feel a difference between the bottom area which was covered by the CCF and the sides which were not. And with the spray skirt on it was noticeably warmer inside the boat.  One unintended benefit, is that the bit of water that gets into the cockpit while getting in and out of the boat flows under the foam which also keeps your legs drier.  And it was easy to pull out the CCF pad at home, hose it down and let it dry off for the next trip.  One down side – if you are wearing shoes with rough soles you will wear a spot in the CCF under your heels pretty quickly.  But you can probably get 2 pieces out of each CCF full-length pad and since the CCF pads cost under $20 you can probably afford to replace it every winter.

SOTs can be warmer with respect to water temperatures since they are double-hulled and have air (and hopefully no water) trapped between the two layers.  However on an SOT you are more exposed to the air, splashes, waves, and rain, so adding some CCF under the legs and feet could be of benefit in them as well.

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